Name

Alfred Wegener

Career

Science

Occupation 1

meteorologist

Region

Europe

Era

Maritime Nation To 1950 (1921-1950)

Born

1880

Died

1930

Text

German meteorologist who proposed in 1912 the theory of "continental drift," that the continents were not fixed and had moved about since their formation as one super continent (Pangaea). His evidence consisted principally of the shapes of the South American and African continents and the presence of similar fossils on their shores. His theory was disparaged because it lacked a plausible explanation for why/how continents moved. Views later confirmed in 1960s as plate tectonics theory, with its explanation that convection currents in the mantle accounted for the movement.

Related Images

German geophysicist who proposed theory of "continental drift" in 1920s
German geophysicist who proposed theory of "continental drift" in 1920s

Alfred Wegener's 1915 view of the earth before the continents broke/drifted apart.
Alfred Wegener's 1915 view of the earth before the continents broke/drifted apart.