Record ID: 153

Site Name

St. Augustine

Type

Seaport - American

Description

town (area: 9 sq mi/23.3 sq km; 1990 pop. 11,692), (cap.) St. Johns co., NE Fla.; 29�53'N 81�18'W. Located on a peninsula bet. the Matanzas and San Sebastian rivers, it is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by Anastasia Isl.; the Intracoastal Waterway passes through the city. Fort Matanzas, now a natl. monument, was built by the Spanish on the S tip of Anastasia Isl. in the 1740s to guard the S approach to the city. St. Augustine is a port of entry, a shrimping and commercial fishing center, and a popular year-round resort. The economic mainstay is tourism, supplemented with revenues from small industries. The oldest city in the U.S., it was founded in 1565 by the Span. explorer Pedro Men�ndez de Avil�s. Inc. 1824.