Garvey, Marcus

Name

Marcus Garvey

Career

Public life

Occupation 1

Emigration advocate

Occupation 2

African American

Identifier

New York City

Region

NA/Mid-Atlantic region

Era

Maritime Nation To 1950 (1921-1950)

Born

1887

Died

1940

Source

ANB

Text

Black nationalist
Garvey [was] convinced that blacks worldwide would have to fend for themselves if they were ever to break the shackles of white racism and free the African continent from European colonial rule�

A pan-African movement was already under way by the early twenties, emphasizing the liberation of the African continent and black racial pride worldwide, and Garvey successfully tapped into this sentiment�

The crown jewel of Garvey's enterprises was the Black Star Line, a steamship company founded in 1919 to carry passengers and trade among Africa, the Caribbean, and the United States. Garvey launched the line with his usual grandiose promises and a stock sale that raised more than $600,000 (at $5 a share) the first year. What followed in the next twenty-four months was a tragic series of mishaps and mismanagement. The Black Star Line consisted of three aging, overpriced vessels that were plagued by mechanical breakdowns, accidents, and incompetent crews. The business side of the operation suffered from sloppy record keeping, inflated claims made to investors, and dishonest and possibly criminal practices on the part of company officers. One of the ships sank; another was auctioned off; the third was abandoned in Cuba

Related Images

external image head7_marcus_garvey_1922.jpg
Image Id: 1129

Record ID: 496