Name / Description

Connecticut River

Type

Rivers

Discoverer

Adriaen Block

Length (miles)

407

Part of / Flows into

Long Island Sound/Atlantic

Sovereignty

US/Conn/Mass/Vt/NH

Additional Notes

longest river in New England, 407 miles long; rises in Connecticut Lakes, N N.H., and flows S along the Vt.´┐ŻN.H. state line, then across Mass. and Conn. to enter L.I. Sound at Old Saybrook, Conn.; drains c.11,000 sq miles. There are many rapids and falls on the river; Holyoke Falls, the highest, drops 57 ft. The river is navigable to Hartford, Conn.

The Connecticut Valley is one of the best agr. regions in New England. World-famous cigar binder and wrapper tobacco once grown in the lower part of the valley have largely disappeared; vegetable farming and dairying are also important. Waterpower resources led to the rise of industrial cities in the 1800s, and the valley became a prime mfg. region; large centers include Holyoke and Springfield, Mass., and Windsor, Conn. Several hydroelectric facilities are on the river, and at Vernon, in S Vt., the waters flow past a nuclear power plant. In 1953 the Connecticut R. Flood Control Compact was established; it has sponsored the building of flood-control devices on the river.

Earliest towns along river include Windsor (1633) and Springfield (1636).

Related Images

connecticutriver.gif
Map of the Connecticut River watershed

Related People

Block, Adriaen

Related Locations

Hartford, Old Saybrook

Related Source

Upstream: A Voyage on the Connecticut River

External Links

History of the Connecticut River; course outline from UMass