Ship Name

Concord (1602)

Type

bark (3 mast)

Origins/Provenance

England

Era

Europe's Reconnaissance (1351-1640)

Year Launched

1602

Home Waters

New England

Function

Scientific/Exploratory

Displacement (tons)

55

Length (feet)

39

Beam (feet)

18

Draft (feet)

8

Primary Propulsion

Wind/Sail

Propulsion Specifications

wooden

Hull

8

Historical Note

Commanded by Bartholomew Gosnold; crew of 8; 12 potential settlers; 12 others on the voyage. Sailed from Falmouth (3/26/1602) to Canaries (4/14) and then across, drifting northward from 37n to 45 N; likely saw first land off Maine (5/14) on 45-day passage before sailing around Cape Cod to the Elizabeth Islands in Buzzard's Bay. Would-be settlers backed out and all sailed home, 6/17 to 7/23, Exmouth (36 days). In 1602, Bartholomew Gosnold sailed to Norumbega, the land encompassing the area of New England (also known then as the "North Part of Virginia"), to establish an English trading settlement. Apart from Concord's name, her complement thirty-two men under command of Bartholomew Gosnold of whom twelve were to "remayne there for population" and the fact that she carried a disassembled shallop capable of carrying twenty-five people, little is known of her dimensions or origins.

In 1974, the American naval architect William A. Baker posited a vessel of the dimensions (and armament) given above a fairly typical vessel of the period, with square foresail, mainsail and main topsail, lateen mizzen, and a spritsail. Concord sailed from Falmouth on March 26, 1602, and after passing the Azores in mid-April made her next landfall near Cape Elizabeth or Cape Neddick, Maine. There the English met eight Micmacs who had had previous contact with Europeans, probably French fishermen from the north. Their leader was dressed in a Wastecoate of blacke worke, a paire of Breeches, cloth Stockings, Shooes, Hat, and Bande.... [W]ith a piece of Chalke [they] described the Coast thereabouts, and could name Placentia of the New-found-land, they spake divers Christian words and seemed to understand much more than we, for want of Language could comprehend. Turning south, Concord came next to a place the English initially called Shole-hope, but "where we tooke great store of Cod-fish, for which we altered the name, and called it Cape Cod." They made their way south of the Cape and on May 21 came to "a disinhabited Iland which afterwards appeared unto us: we bore with it, and named it Marthaes Vineyard." After building a small fort on Elizabeths Isle (now Cuttyhunk), they briefly visited the far shore of Buzzards Bay, "the goodliest continent that ever we sawe, promising more by farre then we in any way did expect."

Notwithstanding the beauty and bounty of the land, and their friendly dealings with the Indians, the intended settlers refused to be left behind, and on June 18, Concord sailed from the Elizabeth Islands and arrived at Exmouth on July 23. Of Concord's subsequent history, nothing is known. Baker, "Gosnold's Concord and Her Shallop." Quinn, ed., English New England Voyages, 1602-1608 .

Related People

Gosnold, Bartholomew Brereton, John Archer, Gabriel

Record Id: 24