Name

John Cabot

Career

Explorer/Cartographer

Occupation 1

Explorer

Occupation 2

English employ

Identifier

Canada

Region

NA/North America

Era

Europe's Reconnaissance (1351-1640)

Born

1450

Died

1498

Source

RMc

Text

Navigator and explorer likely born in Genoa (like CC) and raised in Venice; father a navigator. In Valencia in early 1490s; may have been in Barcelona on CC�s return in 1493.

His grand idea � a shorter route to Indies to the north of CC route. Tried interesting Joao II of Portugal/Ferdinand & Isabelle to no good effect. Living in Bristol, England, 1495-97. Gets lucky with England's Henry VII, who endorsed self-financed undertaking; no crown money. Bristol merchant community as backers.

Matthew � 50 tons (about the size of the Nina); sea-going caravel; square-rigger fore and main; lateen-rigged mizzen.

Voyage Out [35 days] May 20, 1497 -- Departed Bristol (swestern England)� sailed west (to swest corner of Ireland) and then north to 52� north, then due west June 24, 1497 � Hits Newfoundland 3 days to Ireland; 32 days from Ireland to top of Newfoundland; about same time taken as with CC, but only half the distance.

Homeward -- July 20 � August 4th (Ushant, Brittany coast; turned to far southward Bristol � August 6 [17 days � half the time to get there]. Flew back on strong westerly winds.

Thought he had touched northwestern Asia. On second voyage in 1498, lost at sea. Henry VII not interested in follow up under son Sebastian Cabot

Related Images

external image head0_john_cabot_0000.jpg
Image Id: 226
external image head2_henry_vii_1490.jpg
Date: 1490
Image Id: 947

Record ID: 221