Record ID: 170

Site Name



Seaport - other


city (1986 est. pop. 616,000), SE Iraq, on the W bank of the Shatt al Arab; (cap.) Basra prov. Basra is Iraq�s 2d-largest city and principal port� The British occupied Basra during World War I and used its port; they remained there until 1932. After World War I the construction of a RR line to Baghdad and the building of a modern harbor restored the city�s importance. Due to its location on the heavily contested Shatt al Arab waterway, Basra was hard hit by Iranian forces in the 1980s during the Iran-Iraq War. The port was further bombed by Western coalition forces in the Pers. Gulf War (1991), primarily to thwart covert trade�